Chickasaw Nation: The Fight to Save a Dying Native American Language
A 50,000 year-old indigenous Native American tribe that has weathered the conquistadors, numerous wars with the Europeans, the American Revolution and the Civil War is now fighting to preserve its language and culture by embracing modern technology.
There are 6,000 languages spoken in the world but linguists fear that 50% of them will become extinct within the next century. In the US, 175 Native American languages are spoken, but fewer than 20 are expected to survive the next 100 years.
The language of the Chickasaws, known as “Chikashshanompa”, is a 3,000-year-old living language that is categorised by Unesco as being “severely endangered”.
The last remaining monolingual speaker of this language, Emily Johnson Dickerson, 93, died in December. Now the tribe is scrambling to make sure that its language does not become lost.
Dwindling native speakers
The Chickasaw Nation consists of 57,000 people, including 38,000 who live in 13 counties in Oklahoma, a state designated as the Indian Territory which boasts rich oil and natural gas preserves.
"There were over 3,000 speakers of Chickasaw in the 1960s," Joshua Hinson, director of the Chickasaw Nation Language Department tells IBTimes UK.
"The last native speakers who learnt the language at home were born in the late 1940s. From that point on, with people leaving Oklahoma for other parts of the US, mandatory schooling and political pressures to be bilingual in English, the number of people dropped, and now, our youngest native speakers are in their 60s."
There are now only 65 native speakers of the Chickasaw language who are also fully bilingual in English, and only four to five confident conversational speakers who are under the age of 35.
Modern Chickasaw people in Oklahoma live in houses on land held in trust for the Chickasaw Nation by the Federal government.
They have been Christian since the Civil War, although religion co-exists with traditional native Chickasaw customs.
Some customs have died out, such as the native doctors and practice of native medicine, but others, like the role of the woman as a matriarch in the family and in government, have continued, and 60% of the community’s leaders are women.
Read more at:
Whoever reblogged this and got it to 280 notes…THANK YOU.
Preservation of language is a cultural necessity!
william shakespeare wrote a black italian lead but ofc there cant be any poc in frozen its in europe
protect queer gamers. protect their queer characters. protect their queer headcanons. protect their voices and give them a space to raise them safely.
because another person sneering about how they aren’t special and are just like them (“them” meaning straight people) is the last thing this fandom needs from someone with a large amount of followers. though, honestly, I’m not really surprised.
The general response I get when discussing my place on the asexual spectrum is incredulity. Often well-meaning, but the barrage of questions are laid at my feet as a challenge and I am expected to take on the burden of countering those attacks which are veiled within curiosity. As a group, we are expected not only to defend our non-heteronormative sexuality, but also the reality of our existence, even within the queer community. After all, why should our “lack of a sexuality” matter?
"Asexuals, demisexuals, and aromantics are just late bloomers and lonely virgins whining for attention. They don’t face any of the struggles like the real queer community—”
- Asexuals are expected to prove a negative to be considered valid. Until we have met every single person in the world, we are told that there is the possibility that we will “find the right person.”
- Demisexuals are told that their sexuality is irrelevant once they’ve “found the right person” and that they were gay/straight/bi/pan all along.
- We are constantly told that we are doomed to be unhappy without another (as if sex is necessary for romance and as if a person cannot live a worthwhile life without romance. Or, in the case of aromantics, that sex without romance is something amoral and unfulfilling).
- "What a shame—", "What a waste of a beautiful woman—", "You don’t know what you’re missing—", "You’re just picky—" STOP.
- If we are not sex-repulsed, we are told we are not asexual.
- If we are sex-repulsed, we are told that we are broken or traumatized.
- If we were traumatized, we are told that our asexuality is something that we should seek to fix.
- ^^^Take a moment to reflect on that trinity of bullshit.
- Asexuals can be victims of “corrective rape" and other forms of sexual assault due to the idea that we can be fixed with sex and that our bodies’ arousal response overrides the validity of our sexuality and the need for consent. This is an assault not only on our bodies, but on our right to an identity.
- When I revealed my sexuality to an inebriated friend, he just thought I needed to be kissed properly to be “fixed.” Luckily, he took “no” for an answer.
- Asexuals are told that we are outside the queer community even though heteronormativity tells us that we are alone in our lack of sexual interest. It isolates and intimidates us with pressure to conform. We are all harmed by it.
- Before learning about asexuality, I was convinced that my complete disinterest in sex and lack of reaction to porn meant that I was a prude or was somehow less human than my peers. My younger self could have benefited greatly from the ace community.
Finding a name for my identity gave me a sense of peace, rightness, and validity. It’s not just a trendy name, it’s a label with resonance. That’s why so many people are “suddenly” coming out as asexual. It was the term that we didn’t know we needed until we heard it. Our terminology may be new to the mainstream, but does not make us any less real.
I normally wouldn’t do something like this, but given the dismissive and disrespectful response we’ve received from the people responsible for producing and proliferating this offensive image for daring to speak out, I’m coming to you all for help.
The offensive image above was plastered across the halls of my law school and put on the internet as the cover photo as a joke to advertise a party. Given this nation’s history of using black women as props, mascots, and metaphors, women of all colors and those standing in solidarity with us were offended by this. Reasoned replies on the Facebook event explaining that the photo was offensive were deleted. Some who had their comments deleted were ignored. Others were sent dismissive and disrespectful responses explaining that the photo is “camp,” a joke, and bemoaned the fact that “we lost Joan Rivers too soon” because perhaps then we’d understand why this is apparently funny.
Because it was clear that honest and open critique would be silenced and ignored, myself and three other black queer/female students wrote an open letter outlining why the above image is racist and sexist and asking for an apology. Since posting the open letter, the people responsible for the image have not apologized, but have put up one response essentially reprimanding all of us who have voiced our opinions for daring to speak out in a way, tone, and forum of which they do not approve. Their response mischaracterized our critiques, were indicative of entitled and privileged thought, and were emblematic of the very issue our letter was meant to highlight and explain.
It is clear that those responsible for this image and for making the halls of my law school a hostile and alienating space will not apologize for or acknowledge their behavior until they are made to see that what they have done is offensive and not okay.
Please help by reading the open letter, sharing it, and reblogging this post to help us make clear that this type of mascot-ing and mocking of women of color will not be tolerated.
I leave you with an excerpt from our letter:
…This is not just racist or sexist in a theoretical, these-kids-can’t-take-a-joke sense. These images, when controlled by the wrong people (here, racially unconscious white men) are harmful to those of us, particularly to black women, who enter the halls of Berkeley Law and other law schools fighting a nearly insurmountable presumption that we do not belong, lack merit, and are ignorant and incompetent. Now, images of bodies like ours and dance forms which first found life in the minds of our sisters, for which we have been defamed, ridiculed, called outside of our names, and punished for performing and merely being associated with, have been stolen, bastardized, and reduced to jokes and posted for the consumption of the privileged white heterosexual men walking the halls of an elite, top-ten law school. These are institutions which have been historically hostile to us, but which we (perhaps naively) hoped could be a site of our overcoming. It hurts. It is a slap in the face–a reminder that our presence is only desired in the symbolic form of props, mascots, and metaphors.
UPDATE: The situation has gotten worse and we need your help!
The co-president of the Queer Caucus has dug in his heels and is refusing to apologize. He continues to silence debate, and worse than that, is now publicly mocking students who are speaking out and endorsing the notion that anyone who disagrees with the poster is a radical extremist on an “attack campaign” and “witch hunt.” Additionally, the people responsible for creating the poster gave statements that essentially translated to “I’m sorry I hurt your feelings, but I don’t understand and don’t agree with why you are upset. I’m angry and hurt because I believe identifying the offensive nature of my actions is an attack on my character. If you would like to talk with me privately to learn the motivation behind my offensive action and why I stand by my offensive action, please email me.” Yep, they’re standing by the poster.
Worse, the only queer woman of color on the board of this organization is the only one who gave a sincere apology and she didn’t need to do because by some accounts she indicated to them that the poster was inappropriate before they posted it and they apparently didn’t listen. She’s been incredibly helpful and supportive to us during this entire process. She is not a part of the problem.
This is unacceptable. We’ve written a follow-up open letter (which we delivered to the board members responsible) and started a petition. Since the petition started early yesterday (Sept 27), one of the people who made the flier has given a meaningful apology, but the others are still refusing to apologize (the co-president even stated on his FB page that he will not be issuing an apology).
Because some person on a law school gossip blog put up a post without all the facts, these folks think they have support, that the discussion is over, and that what they’ve done and how they’ve handled it isn’t a problem.
PLEASE SHOW SUPPORT BY SIGNING OUR PETITION demanding meaningful apologies. We need to show that we aren’t some “fringe group” of “radical crazies.”
You can read our follow-up letter and see the screen caps and timeline/details of what’s been happening, here.
You do not have to be a student to sign! There are over 500 notes but less than 200 signatures!
I really tried to concentrate into the cutscene but everytime the camera perspective showed blurred Ezio in the background he had changed his position plus the dialogue I
Don’t forget we have to wake up Green Day tomorrow.
Ok just a reminder to everyone: If you’re planning on tweeting billie joe armstrong “wake up” or something tomorrow, DON’T. The song is about his father’s death and so it’s really personal and treating it like a joke isn’t the right thing to do. Plus he’s asked so many times for people to stop and no one listens so yeah. Please don’t do that.
dragon age: inquisition — character creation, x
Guild Wars 2 Heroic Edition Giveaway!
Long story short I got 2 copies of these last Christmas and it’s been sitting in my room begging me to do something with it. So what better way to get rid of a game than to have a giveaway for it, right?
What is it?
Guild Wars 2 is a MMORPG game! It’s a no subscription game, which means you don’t have to pay for it every month unlike other MMOs. I’ve played a few hours, and I think it’s pretty nice (though I’m more of a Warcraft person myself). This is an unopened Heroic Edition of the game. Still has the nice shiny plastic wrap on it and everything!
- You don’t have to be following me!
- Reblogs and Likes both count!
- No giveaway blogs!
- You must be comfortable giving me your address so I can send the game to you!
Giveaway ends October 1st! I’ll use the random number generator to pick out the winner. Have fun and go nuts!
Giveaway ends tomorrow! This is your last chance to reblog if you still want the game!
The “you need allies to survive” is an explicit threat and a pretty good sign someone isn’t an ally. They’re basically threatening to withdraw their support for your basic humanity and survival if you don’t lick their boots.
Something to keep in mind.